Heritage Walks - banks of the Garonne
The itinerary suggested offers the most beautiful views of the city and its river. Eighteen remarkable monuments are detailed here so that visitors can discover and arrive at a better understanding of the identity of Toulouse.
In use since Antiquity and a fundamental aspect of the city’s history, this natural passage –a strip of hardened marl– crosses the River Garonne perpendicular to the alluvial terrace upon which Toulouse was built.
Until the establishment of the Pont-Neuf in the 13th Century, this ford was used when other bridges were impassable. At the end of the 12th Century, the Prior of La Daurade basilica authorised the construction of a causeway to supply the imposing mills that were greatly admired and that produced great profit for the “Pariers”, who were akin to shareholders. In 1888 these windmills were replaced by a hydro-electric plant, operated since 1946 by EDF. This can be visited nowadays –machine rooms, water chambers, fish pass– and allows visitors to admire the causeway from up close from its panoramic terrace.